Hyundai Santa Fe (TM): ESP(Electronic Stability Program) System - Brake SystemHyundai Santa Fe (TM): ESP(Electronic Stability Program) System

Components and components location

Components

1. ABS control module (HECU)
2. Front wheel speed sensor
3. Rear wheel speed sensor
4. ABS warning lamp
5. Parking brake/ EBD

Description and operation

Description of ESP
ESP recognizes critical driving conditions, such as panic reactions in dangerous situations, and stabilizes the vehicle by wheel-individual braking and engine control intervention.
ESP adds a further function known as Active Yaw Control (AYC) to the ABS, TCS, EBD and ESP functions. Whereas the ABS/TCS function controls wheel slip during braking and acceleration and, thus, mainly intervenes in the longitudinal dynamics of the vehicle, active yaw control stabilizes the vehicle about its vertical axis.
This is achieved by wheel individual brake intervention and adaptation of the momentary engine torque with no need for any action to be taken by the driver.
ESP essentially consists of three assemblies : the sensors, the electronic control unit and the actuators.
The stability control feature works under all driving and operating conditions. Under certain driving conditions, the ABS/TCS function can be activated simultaneously with the ESP function in response to a command by the driver.
In the event of a failure of the stability control function, the basic safety function, ABS, is still maintained.

Description of ESP Control
ESP system includes ABS/EBD, TCS and AYC function.
ABS/EBD function : The ECU changes the active sensor signal (current shift) coming from the four wheel sensors to the square wave. By using the input of above signals, the ECU calculates the vehicle speed and the acceleration & deceleration of the four wheels. And, the ECU judges whether the ABS/EBD should be actuated or not.
TCS function prevents the wheel slip of drive direction by adding the brake pressure and engine torque reduction via CAN communication. TCS function uses the wheel speed sensor signal to determine the wheel slip as far as ABS function.
AYC function prevents unstable maneuver of the vehicle. To determine the vehicle maneuver, AYC function uses the maneuver sensor signals(Yaw Rate Sensor, Lateral Acceleration Sensor, Steering Wheel Angle Sensor).
If vehicle maneuver is unstable (Over Steer or Under Steer), AYC function applies the brake pressure on certain wheel, and send engine torque reduction signal by CAN.
After the key-on, the ECU continually diagnoses the system failure. (self-diagnosis)If the system failure is detected, the ECU informs driver of the system failure through the BRAKE/ABS/ESP warning lamp. (fail-safe warning)

Input and Output Diagram

ESP Operation Mode
1.
STEP 1
The ESP analyzes the intention of the driver.

2.
STEP 2
It analyzes the movement of the ESP vehicle.

3.
STEP 3
The HECU calculates the required strategy, then actuates the appropriate valves and sents torque control requests via CAN to maintain vehicle stability.

ESP Hydraulic System Diagram
1.
ESP Non-operation : Normal braking.
Solenoid Valve
Continuity
Valve
Motor Pump
TC Valve
IN (NO)
OFF
OPEN
OFF
OFF
OUT (NC)
OFF
CLOSE

2.
ESP operation
Solenoid Valve
Continuity
Valve
Motor Pump
TC Valve
Understeering
(Only inside of rear wheel)
IN (NO)
OFF
OPEN
ON
ON
OUT (NC)
OFF
CLOSE
Oversteering
(Only outside of front wheel)
IN (NO)
OFF
OPEN
OUT (NC)
OFF
CLOSE

Warning Lamp Control

ABS Warning Lamp module
The active ABS warning lamp module indicates the self-test and failure status of the ABS. The ABS warning lamp shall be on :
During the initialization phase after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).
In the event of inhibition of ABS functions by failure.
During diagnostic mode.
When the ECU Connector is seperated from ECU.
Cluster lamp is ON when communication is impossible with CAN module.
EBD/Parking Brake Warning Lamp Module
The active EBD warning lamp module indicates the self-test and failure status of the EBD. However, in case the Parking Brake Switch is turned on, the EBD warning lamp is always turned on regardless of EBD functions. The EBD warning lamp shallbe on :
During the initialization phase after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).
When the Parking Brake Switch is ON or brake fluid level is low.
When the EBD function is out of order .
During diagnostic mode.
When the ECU Connector is seperated from ECU.
Cluster lamp is ON when communication is impossible with CAN module.
ESP Function / Warning Lamp (ESP System)
The ESP function/warning lamp indicates the self-test and failure status of the ESP.
The ESP function/warning lamp is turned on under the following conditions :
During the initialization phase after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).
When the ESP function is inhibited by system failure.
When the ESP control is operating. (Blinking - 2Hz)
During diagnostic mode.(Except standard mode)
Cluster lamp is ON when communication is impossible with CAN module.
ESP OFF Lamp (ESP System)
The ESP Off lamp indicates the self-test and operating status of the ESP.
The ESP Off lamp operates under the following conditions :
During the initialization mode after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).
ESP Off lamp is On when driver input the ESP Off switch.
ESP ON / OFF Switch (ESP System)
The ESP On/Off Switch shall be used to toggle the ESP function between On/Off states based upon driver input.
The On/Off switch shall be a normally open, momentary contact switch.Closed contacts switch the circuit to ignition.
Initial status of the ESP function is on and switch toggle the state.

Schematic diagrams

Circuit Diagram
ABS / ESC

ESCi/ESCi+(EPB Integrated)

Terminal Function
ABS / ESC

PIN No
Desciption
Current
Resistance
1
Pump motor supply voltage
60 A
10 mΩ
2
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
4
C-CAN High
100 mA
250 mΩ
5
C-CAN Low
100 mA
250 mΩ
6
-
-
-
7
P-CAN Low
100 mA
250 MΩ
8
P-CAN High
100 mA
250 MΩ
9
Wheel speed sensor supply voltage (Left rear)
100 mA
250 MΩ
10
Wheel speed sensor supply voltage (Right rear)
100 mA
250 MΩ
11
Wheel speed sensor supply voltage (Right front)
100 mA
250 MΩ
12
Wheel speed sensor supply voltage (Left front)
100 mA
250 MΩ
13
Recycle pump ground
40 A
10 MΩ
14
-
-
-
15
Clutch stroke sensor signal
1.2 mA
250 MΩ
16
DBC switch signal
1.2 mA
250 MΩ
17
VDC OFF switch signal
1.2 mA
250 MΩ
18
-
-
-
19
Parking brake switch signal
1.2 mA
250 MΩ
20
-
-
-
21
Wheel speed sensor ground (Left rear)
40 mA
250 MΩ
22
Wheel speed sensor ground (Right rear)
40 mA
250 MΩ
23
Wheel speed sensor ground (Right front)
40 mA
250 MΩ
24
Wheel speed sensor ground (Left front)
40 mA
250 MΩ
25
Solenoid valve voltage
30 A
10 MΩ
26
Brake pressure sensor ground
60 mA
10 MΩ
27
Brake pressure sensor signal
40 mA
250 MΩ
28
Brake pressure sensor power
60 mA
10 MΩ
29
-
-
-
30
Brake lamp switch
1.2 mA
250 MΩ
31
-
-
-
32
IGN 1
10 mA
50 MΩ
33
-
-
-
34
Electronic vacuum pump output
1 mA
50 MΩ
35
-
-
-
36
Electronic vacuum pump motor monitor
100 mA
250 MΩ
37
Wheel speed sensor output
50 mA
250 MΩ
38
Solenoid valve ground
30 A
10 MΩ

ESCi/ESCi+(EPB Integrated)

PIN No
Desciption
Current
Resistance
1
Pump motor supply voltage
60 A
10 MΩ
2
Right rear EPB motor power
15 A
10 MΩ
3
Right rear EPB motor ground
15 A
10 MΩ
4
Brake pressure sensor ground
60 mA
10 MΩ
5
-
-
-
6
Electronic parking brake signal 1 [Connect]
20 mA
250 MΩ
7
Electronic parking brake signal 2 [Connect]
20 mA
250 MΩ
8
Electronic parking brake signal 3 [Release]
20 mA
250 MΩ
9
Electronic parking brake signal 4 [Release]
20 mA
250 MΩ
10
Brake pressure sensor signal
40 mA
250 MΩ
11
Brake pressure sensor power
60 mA
10 MΩ
12
Left rear EPB motor ground
15 A
10 MΩ
13
Left rear EPB motor power
15 A
10 MΩ
14
Solenoid valve ground
40 A
10 MΩ
15
DBC switch signal
1.2 mA
250 MΩ
16
-
-
-
17
VDC OFF switch signal
1.2 mA
250 MΩ
18
-
-
-
19
C-CAN High
100 mA
250 MΩ
20
C-CAN Low
100 mA
250 MΩ
21
-


22
P-CAN LOW
100 mA
250 MΩ
23
P-CAN High
100 mA
250 MΩ
24
-
-
-
25
Wheel speed sensor supply voltage (Left rear)
150 mA
250 MΩ
26
Wheel speed sensor supply voltage (Right rear)
150 mA
250 MΩ
27
Wheel speed sensor supply voltage (Right front)
150 mA
250 MΩ
28
Wheel speed sensor supply voltage (Left front)
150 mA
250 MΩ
29
Electronic vacuum pump motor monitor
100 mA
250 MΩ
30
Solenoid valve voltage
40 A
10 MΩ
31
-
-
-
32
-
-
-
33
-
-
-
34
Auto holding ON/OFF switch signal
1.2 mA
250 MΩ
35
Brake lamp switch
1.2 mA
250 MΩ
36
Electronic vacuum pump output
1 A
60 MΩ
37
IGN 1
10 mA
50 MΩ
38
-
-
-
39
-
-
-
40
-
-
-
41
Wheel speed sensor ground (Left rear)
40 mA
250 MΩ
42
Wheel speed sensor ground (Right rear)
40 mA
250 MΩ
43
Wheel speed sensor ground (Right front)
40 mA
250 MΩ
44
Wheel speed sensor ground (Left front)
40 mA
250 MΩ
45
Wheel speed sensor output (Right front)
50 mA
250 MΩ
46
Recycle pump ground
60 A
10 MΩ

Troubleshooting

Failure Diagnosis
1.
In principle, ESP and TCS controls are prohibited in case of ABS failure.
2.
When ESP or TCS fails, only the failed system control is prohibited.
3.
However, when the solenoid valve relay should be turned off in case of ESP failure, refer to the ABS fail-safe.
4.
Information on ABS fail-safe is identical to the fail-safe in systems where ESP is not installed.
Memory of Fail Code
1.
It keeps the code as far as the backup lamp power is connected. (O)
2.
It keeps the code as far as the HCU power is on. (X)
Failure Checkup
1.
Initial checkup is performed immediately after the HECU power on.
2.
Valve relay checkup is performed immediately after the IG2 ON.
3.
It executes the checkup all the time while the IG2 power is on.
Countermeasures in Fail
1.
Turn the system down and perform the following actions and wait for HECU power OFF.
2.
Turn the valve relay off.
3.
Stop the control during the operation and do not execute any until the normal condition recovers.
Warning Lamp ON
1.
ESP warning lamp turn on for 3sec after IGN ON.
2.
ESP function lamp blinks when ESP Act.
3.
If ESP fail occured, ESP warning turns ON.
4.
ESP OFF lamp turn on in case of
ESP Switch OFF
3sec after IGN ON
Standard Flow of Diagnostic Troubleshooting

Notes With Regard to Diagnosis
The phenomena listed in the following table are not abnormal.
Condition
Explanation
System check sound
When starting the engine, a thudding sound can sometimes be heard coming from inside the engine compartment. This is because the system operation check is being performed.
ABS operation sound
1)
Sound of the motor inside the ABS hydraulic unit operation (whine).
2)
Sound is generated along with vibration of the brake pedal (scraping).
3)
When ABS operates, sound is generated from the vehicle chassis due to repeated brake application and release (Thump : suspension; squeak : tires)
ABS operation (Long braking distance)
For road surfaces such as snow-covered and gravel roads, the braking distance for vehicles with ABS can sometimes be longer than that for other vehicles. Accordingly, advise the customer to drive safely on such roads by lowering the vehicle speed.

Inspection method
With the IGN OFF, set the IGN to ON position : If the ABS/Brake Warning Light illuminates and distinguishes after 3 seconds, the warning lamp and ABS system are all normal.
1.
If the Warning Light does not illuminate when IGN is set to ON position
(1)
Remove the ABS ECU connecter (located in the engine room).
(2)
Set the IGN to ON position.
(3)
If the ABS/Brake Warning Light does not illuminate: The failure is related to the Warning Light. Check the instrument cluster and wiring.
(4)
If the ABS/Brake Warning Light illuminates and stays on :
The Warning Light is normal and judged to be failure of the VDC system. Inspect the VDC system using diagnostic tool.
2.
If the Warning Light does not distinguish after its illumination when IGN is set to ON position.
(1)
Self-diagnose using diagnostic tool.
(2)
Record fault code.
(3)
Self-diagnose after erasing the fault code.
(4)
If the result of self-diagnosis is normal after erasing the fault code :
Set the IGN to OFF, then to ON position and check whether the Warning Light operates normally.
(5)
If the result of self-diagnosis continues to display error after erasing the fault code :
Check according to the inspection sheet of the fault code.
3.
Even if the Warning Light and VDC system are all normal, erase all the memorized fault codes using diagnostic tool (if there is no memorized fault code, record the fault code).
  
1)
When removing or engaging all the connectors set the IGN to OFF position.
2)
During the driving test, record on the inspection sheet when the Warning Light illuminates or every time any event is occurred.
ABS Check Sheet

Problem Symptoms Table
Symptom
Suspect Area
ABS does not operate.
Only when 1 - 4 are all normal and the problem is still occurring, replace the HECU.
1)
Check the DTC reconfirming that the normal code is output.
2)
Power source circuit.
3)
Speed sensor circuit.
4)
Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.
ABS does not operate intermittently.
Only when 1 - 4 are all normal and the problem is still occurring, replace the ABS actuator assembly.
1)
Check the DTC reconfirming that the normal code is output.
2)
Wheel speed sensor circuit.
3)
Stop lamp switch circuit.
4)
Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.
Communication with diagnostic tool is not possible. (Communication with any system is not possible)
1)
Power source circuit
2)
CAN line
Communication with diagnostic tool is not possible. (Communication with ABS only is not possible)
1)
Power source circuit
2)
CAN line
3)
HECU
When ignition key is turned ON (engine OFF), the ABS warning lamp does not light up.
1)
ABS warning lamp circuit
2)
HECU
Even after the engine is started, the ABS warning lamp remains ON.
1)
ABS warning lamp circuit
2)
HECU

  
During ABS operation, the brake pedal may vibrate or may not be able to be depressed. Such phenomena are due to intermittent changes in hydraulic pressure inside the brake line to prevent the wheels from locking and is not an abnormality.
Such phenomena are due to intermittent changes in hydraulic pressure inside the brake line to prevent the wheels from locking and is not an abnormality.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Brake operation varies depending on driving conditions and road surface conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. However if a normal DTC is displayed, check the following probable cause. When the problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.
Faulty power source circuit
Faulty wheel speed sensor circuit
Faulty hydraulic circuit for leakage
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
DTC Inspection
1.
Connect the diagnostic tool with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Verify that the DTC code is output.
3.
Is the DTC code output?

▶ Check the power source circuit.

▶ Erase the DTC and recheck using diagnostic tool.

Check the power source circuit
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 29 of the ESP control module harness side connector and body ground.
Specification : approximately B+
Is the voltage within specification?

▶ Check the ground circuit.

▶ Check the harness or connector between the fuse (7.5A) in the engine compartment junction block and the ESP control module. Repair if necessary.

Check the ground circuit
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Check for continuity between terminals 13, 38 of the ESP control module harness side connector and ground point.
Is there continuity?

▶ Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

▶ Repair an open in the wire and ground point.

Check the wheel speed sensor circuit
1.
Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.
2.
Is it normal?

▶ Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

▶ Repair or replace the wheel speed sensor.

Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage
1.
Inspect leakage of the hydraulic lines.
2.
Is it normal?

▶ The problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.

▶ Repair the hydraulic lines for leakage.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Brake operation varies depending on driving conditions and road surface conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. However if a normal DTC is displayed, check the following probable cause. When the problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.
Faulty power source circuit
Faulty wheel speed sensor circuit
Faulty hydraulic circuit for leakage
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
DTC Inspection
1.
Connect the diagnostic tool with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Verify that the DTC code is output.
3.
Is the DTC code output?

▶ Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

▶ Erase the DTC and recheck using diagnostic tool.

Check the wheel speed sensor circuit
1.
Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.
2.
Is it normal?

▶ Check the stop lamp switch circuit.

▶ Repair or replace the wheel speed sensor.

Check the stop lamp switch circuit
1.
Check that stop lamp lights up when brake pedal is depressed and turns off when brake pedal is released.
2.
Measure the voltage between terminal 23 of the ESP control module harness side connector and body ground when brake pedal is depressed.
Specification : approximately B+
Is the voltage within specification?

▶ Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

▶ Repair the stop lamp switch. Repair an open in the wire between the ESP control module and the stop lamp switch.

Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage
1.
Refer to the hydraulic lines.
2.
Inspection leakage of the hydraulic lines.
3.
Is it normal?

▶ The problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.

▶ Repair the hydraulic lines for leakage.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Possible defect in the power supply system (including ground) for the diagnosis line.
An open in the wire
Poor ground
Faulty power source circuit

Inspection procedures
Check The Power Supply Circuit For The Diagnosis
1.
Measure the voltage between terminal 16 of the data link connector and body ground.
Specification : approximately B+
Is voltage within specification?

▶ Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis.

▶ Repair an open in the wire. Check and replace fuse from the engine compartment junction block.

Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis
1.
Check for continuity between terminal 4 of the data link connector and body ground.
Is there continuity?

▶ Repair an open in the wire between terminal 4 of the data link connector and ground point.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
When communication with diagnostic tool is not possible, the cause may be probably an open in the HECU power circuit or an open in the diagnosis output circuit.
An open in the wire
Faulty HECU
Faulty power source circuit

Inspection procedures
Check for Continuity in the CAN Line
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Check for continuity between terminals 26, 14 of the ESP control module connector and 3, 11 of the data link connector.
3.
Is there continuity?

▶ Check the power source of ESP control module.

▶ Repair an open in the wire.

Check the power source of ESP control module
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 29 of the ESP control module harness side connector and body ground.
Specification : approximately B+
Is voltage within specification?

▶ Check for poor ground.

▶ Check the harness or connector between the fuse (10A) in the engine compartment junction block and the ESP control module.Repair if necessary.

Check for poor ground
1.
Check for continuity between terminal 4 of the data link connector and ground point.
2.
Is the electric current applied between groundings?

▶ Replace the ESP control module and recheck.

▶ Repair an open in the wire or poor ground

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
When current flows in the HECU the ABS warning lamp turns from ON to OFF as the initial check. Therefore if the lamp does not light up, the cause may be an open in the lamp power supply circuit, a blown bulb, an open in the both circuits between the ABS warning lamp and the HECU, and the faulty HECU.
Faulty ABS warning lamp bulb
Blown fuse is related to ABS in the engine compartment junction block
Faulty ABS warning lamp damaged
Faulty ABS warning lamp module
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
Problem verification
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Does the ABS warning lamp light up?

▶ Inspectagain after replacing the ESP HECU.

▶ Check the power source for the ABS warning lamp.

Check the power source for the ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Measure the voltage between terminal (M08) 39 of the cluster harness side connector and body ground.
Specification : approximately B+

3.
Is voltage within specification?

▶ Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp.

▶ Check for blown fuse.

Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Measure the resistance between terminal (M08) 32 and 33 of the cluster harness side connector.
Specification : 60Ω

3.
Is resistance within specification?

▶ Repair ABS warning lamp bulb or instrument cluster assembly.

▶ Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and ESP HECU connector, and then turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Check for continuity between terminal (M08) 32 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 26 of ESP HECU harness side.
Check for continuity between terminal (M08) 33 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 14 of ESP HECU harness side.
Specification : Below 1Ω
3.
Is resistance within specification?

▶ Repair short of wiring between terminal 26, 14 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

▶ Repair open of wiring between terminal 26, 14 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
If the HECU detects trouble, it lights the ABS warning lamp while at the same time prohibiting ABS control. At this time, the HECU records a DTC in memory. Even though the normal code is output, the ABS warning lamp remains ON, then the cause may be probably an open or short in the ABS warning lamp circuit.
An open in the wire
Faulty instrument cluster assembly
Faulty ABS warning lamp module
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
Check DTC Output
1.
Connect the diagnostic tool to the 16P data link connector located behind the driver's side kick panel.
2.
Check the DTC output using diagnostic tool.
3.
Is DTC output?

▶ Perform the DTC troubleshooting procedure (Refer to DTC troubleshooting).

▶ Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Measure the resistance between terminal (M08) 32 and 33 of the cluster harness side connector.
Specification : 60Ω

3.
Is resistance within specification?

▶ Repair ABS warning lamp bulb or instrument cluster assembly.

▶ Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and ESP HECU connector, and then turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Check for continuity between terminal (M08) 32 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 26 of ESP HECU harness side.
Check for continuity between terminal (M08) 33 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 14 of ESP HECU harness side.
Specification : Below 1Ω
3.
Is resistance within specification?

▶ Repair short of wiring between terminal 26, 14 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

▶ Repair open of wiring between terminal 26, 14 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

ESP Control Module. Components and components location

Components

1. Front - right (FR)
2. Rear - left (RL)
3. Rear - right (RR)
4. Front - left (FL)
5. MC2
6. MC1
7. ESP control module (HECU)
8. Bracket

ESP Control Module. Repair procedures

Removal
1.
Turn ignition switch OFF and disconnect the negative (-) battery cable.
2.
Pull up the lock of the HECU connector and then disconnect the connector (A).

3.
Remove the brake tube (A, B) after loosening the brake tube flare nuts.
Tightening torque :
13.7 - 16.7 N.m (1.4 - 1.7 kgf.m, 10.1 - 12.3 lb-ft)

Tightening torque :
18.6 - 22.6 N.m (1.9 - 2.3 kgf.m, 13.7 - 16.6 lb-ft)

4.
Remove the ESP control module (A) after loosening the mounting nuts.
Tightening torque :
16.7 - 25.5 N.m (1.7 - 2.6 kgf.m, 12.3 - 18.8 lb-ft)

5.
Separate the bracket (B) after remove the mounting bolt from the HECU (A).

Installation
1.
To install, reverse the removal procedure.
2.
After installation, bleed the brake system.
(Refer to ESP(Electronic Stability Program) System - "ESP System Bleeding")
3.
Connect the diagnostic tool to the data link connector located underneath the dash panel.
4.
Conduct the Variant coding.
5.
Conduct the Auto Detected Sensor Calibration.
6.
Conduct the Longitudinal G Sensor Calibration.
7.
After replacing the ESP control module execute the "Assembly Check (ECU replacement)" of the additional function to check that the mounting is successful.
Adjustment
Perform diagnostic procedure by using diagnostic device as shown below :
1.
Connect self-diagnosis connector (16pins) located under the driver side crash pad to self-diagnosis device, and then turn the self-diagnosis device after key is ON.
2.
Select the "vehicle model" and "ESP/ESC" on diagnostic tool vehicle selection screen, then select OK.
[Variant Code Reset]

[Variant Coding]

[Longitudinal G Sensor Calibration]

Assembly Check (ECU replacement)

ESP OFF Switch. Description and operation

Description
1.
The ESP OFF switch is for the user to turn off the ESP system.
2.
The ESP OFF lamp is on when ESP OFF switch is engaged.

ESP OFF Switch. Repair procedures

Removal
1.
Turn ignition switch OFF and disconnect the negative (-) battery cable.
2.
Remove the crash pad lower panel.
(Refer to Body - "Crash Pad")
3.
Remove the crash pad garnish assembly (A).

4.
Remove the connector (A) by pressing the locking pin.

5.
Remove the ESP OFF switch (A) after loosening the screw.

Installation
1.
To install, reverse the removal procedures.

Front Wheel Speed Sensor. Components and components location

Components

1. Front wheel speed sensor
2. Front wheel speed sensor connector

Front Wheel Speed Sensor. Repair procedures

Removal
  
Be careful not to damage the parts located under the vehicle (floor under cover, fuel filter, fuel tank and canister) when raising the vehicle using the lift.
(Refer to General Information - "Lift and Support Points")
1.
Loosen the wheel nuts slightly.
Raise the vehicle, and make sure it is securely supported.
2.
Remove the front wheel and tire (A) from the front hub.
Tightening torque :
107.9 - 127.5 N.m (11.0 - 13.0 kgf.m, 79.6 - 94.0 lb-ft)
  
Be careful not to damage the hub bolts when removing the front wheel and tire (A).

3.
Remove the front wheel guard.
(Refer to Body - "Front Wheel Guard")
4.
Disconnect the front wheel speed sensor connector (A) and then remove the fixing clip (B).

5.
Remove the front wheel speed sensor cable braket bolt (A).
Tightening torque :
19.6 - 29.4 N.m (2.0 - 3.0 kgf.m, 14.5 - 21.7 lb-ft)

6.
Loosen the bolt and then disconnect the front wheel speed sensor (A).
Tightening torque :
8.8 - 13.7 N.m (0.9 - 1.4 kgf.m, 6.5 - 10.1 lb-ft)

Inspection
1.
Measure the output voltage between the terminal of the wheel speed sensor and the body ground.
  
In order to protect the wheel speed sensor, when measuring output voltage, a 100Ω resister must be used as shown.

2.
Compare the change of the output voltage of the wheel speed sensor to the normal change of the output voltage as shown below.

• Ⅰlow : 5.95 ~ 8.05 mA
• ⅠHIgh : 11.9 ~ 16.1 mA
• Frequency range : 0.03 ~ 3000 HZ
Installation
1.
Install in the reverse order of removal.

Rear Wheel Speed Sensor. Components and components location

Components
[2WD]

1. Rear wheel speed sensor


[4WD]

1. Rear wheel speed sensor
2. Rear wheel speed sensor connector

Rear Wheel Speed Sensor. Repair procedures

Removal
  
Be careful not to damage the parts located under the vehicle (floor under cover, fuel filter, fuel tank and canister) when raising the vehicle using the lift.
(Refer to General Information - "Lift and Support Points")
[2WD]
1.
Loosen the wheel nuts slightly.
Raise the vehicle, and make sure it is securely supported.
2.
Remove the rear wheel and tire (A) from the rear hub.
Tightening torque :
107.9 - 127.5 N.m (11.0 - 13.0 kgf.m, 79.6 - 94.0 lb-ft)
  
Be careful not to damage the hub bolts when removing the rear wheel and tire (A).

3.
Remove the rear brake caliper.
(Refer to Brake System - "Rear Disc Brake")
4.
Loosen the screw and the remove the rear break disc.
Tightening torque :
4.9 - 5.9 N.m (0.5 - 0.6 kgf.m, 3.6 - 4.3 lb-ft)

5.
Disconnect the rear wheel speed sensor connector (A).

6.
Loosen the bearing mounting bolts and then remove the hub bearing assembly & dust cover (A).
Tightening torque :
88.2 - 107.8 N.m (9.0 - 11.0 kgf.m, 65.0 - 79.5 lb-ft)

[4WD]
1.
Loosen the wheel nuts slightly.
Raise the vehicle, and make sure it is securely supported.
2.
Remove the rear wheel and tire (A) from the rear hub.
Tightening torque :
107.9 - 127.5 N.m (11.0 - 13.0 kgf.m, 79.6 - 94.0 lb-ft)
  
Be careful not to damage the hub bolts when removing the rear wheel and tire (A).

3.
Remove the rear wheel guard.
(Refer to Body - "Rear Wheel Guard")
4.
Disconnect the rear wheel speed sensor connector (A).

5.
Remove the rear wheel speed sensor cable braket bolt (A).
Tightening torque :
19.6 - 29.4 N.m (2.0 - 3.0 kgf.m, 14.5 - 21.7 lb-ft)

6.
Disconnect the EPB actuator connetor (A).

7.
Disconnect the rear wheel speed sensor connector (A).
Tightening torque :
8.8 - 13.7 N.m (0.9 - 1.4 kgf.m, 6.5 - 10.1 lb-ft)

Replacement
1.
Remove the rear wheel hub bearing assembly.
(Refer to Driveshaft and Axle - "Rear Hub - Carrier")
2.
Fix the rear hub bearing assembly (A) on the vise.
  
When fixing on the vise, use a cloth not to be damaged the hub bearing assembly.
Be careful if excessive force for fixing on the vise may damage the hub bearing assembly.

3.
Check the direction of the sensor cap (A).

4.
Remove the sensor cap by hammering on a gap between sensor cap and hub bearing assembly using a scraper (A).

  
In order to widen the gap little by little, hammering around the bearing cap 10-20 times.

When removing the sensor cap, remove it in a straight direction not to damage the tone wheel or encoder.

5.
Check if distorted or damaged the tone wheel or encoder (A).

  
Check if damaged the tone wheel or encoder after removing the sensor cap and replace the hub bearing if it was deformed.
If the tone wheel is deformed, it may trigger the MIL ON or other problems.

6.
Position the sensor cap to the same direction of sensor cap connector (A) as you checked before removing.

  
Before installing the sensor cap, do not let any foreign material and contaminant into the hub bearing (A) assembly.

7.
Install the sensor cap (A) with the special service tool (09527-AL500).

  
Hammer until there is no gap between the SST and hub bearing assembly and install the sensor cap.

Be careful not to tilt to one side when installing the sensor cap as it may damage the tone wheel or encoder.
When sensor cap installation, hammering it until the gap disappeared between the sensor cap and hub bearing assembly.

8.
Install the rear wheel hub bearing assembly.
(Refer to Driveshaft and Axle - "Rear Hub - Carrier")
Inspection
1.
Measure the output voltage between the terminal of the wheel speed sensor and the body ground.
  
In order to protect the wheel speed sensor, when measuring output voltage, a 100Ω resister must be used as shown.

2.
Compare the change of the output voltage of the wheel speed sensor to the normal change of the output voltage as shown below.

• Ⅰlow : 5.95 ~ 8.05 mA
• ⅠHIgh : 11.9 ~ 16.1 mA
• Frequency range : 0.03 ~ 3000 HZ
Installation
1.
Install in the reverse order of removal.

Emergency Signal System. Description and operation

Description
Introduction of quick brake warning system (ESS)
In case of quick brake by driver, the brake lamp or turn signal is blinked to warn against the vehicle at rear.

1.
Basic function (Blinking the brake lamp/emergency lamp)
Operation condition : In case of quick brake or operation of ABS above in a certain speed
Releasing condition : In case of stopping the quick brake or releasing the ABS operation
2.
Additional function (Blinking the turn signal)
Operation condition : In case of quick brake in low speed
Releasing condition : Releasing at the start of driving

System Configuration

ESS Circuit Diagram

Yaw-rate and G Sensor. Description and operation

Description
The yaw rate and G sensor is included inside the air bag control module (SRSCM).
When the vehicle is turning with respect to a vertical axis the yaw rate sensor detects the yaw rate electroniclly by the vibration change of plate fork inside the yaw rate sensor.
If yaw velocity reaches the specific velocity after it detects the vehicle'yawing, the ESC control is reactivated.
The later G sensor senses vehicle's lateral G. A small element inside the sensor is attached to a deflectable leverarm by later G.
Direction and magnitude of lateral G loaded to vehicle can be known with electrostatic capacity changing according to lateral G.

Yaw-rate and G Sensor. Specifications

Specifications
Description
Specification
Operating voltage
8 - 16V
Output signal
CAN Interface
Operating temperature
-40 - 85°C (-40 - 185°F)
Yaw-rate sensor
Measurement range
-128 to +128°/sec
Frequency response
15 - 45Hz
G sensor
Measurement range
-1.99 to +1.99g
Frequency response
50 Hz ± 60%

Yaw-rate and G Sensor. Schematic diagrams

Schematic Diagrams

Yaw-rate and G Sensor. Repair procedures

Removal
1.
Turn ignition switch OFF and disconnect the negative (-) battery cable.
  
Disconnect the battery negative cable and wait for at least thirty seconds before beginning work.
2.
Remove the floor console.
(Refer to Body - "Floor Console")
3.
Remove the air duct (A) after loosening the mounting bolts (A).

4.
Pull up the lock, of the SRSCM connector, the disconnect the connector (A).

5.
Remove the SRSCM (A) after loosening the mounting bolts and nuts.
Tightening torque :
9.8 - 12.7 N.m (1.0 - 1.3 kgf.m, 7.2 - 9.4 lb-ft)

Installation
1.
To install, reverse the removal procedures.
2.
Perform Longitudinal G-sensor calibration in vehicle S/W Management menu of the diagnostic tool.
Adjustment
As manual for diagnosis methods by using diagnosis device, the main contents are as follows:
1.
Connect self-diagnosis connector(16pins) located in the lower of driver side crash pad to self-diagnosis device, and then turn the self-diagnosis device after key is ON.
2.
Select the "vehicle model" and "ABS/ESP" on diagnostic tool vehicle selection screen, then select OK.
[Longitudinal G Sensor Calibration]

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